1.) What is outsourcing?
For years, outsourcing has been on the mind of many business people but what one associates with the term outsourcing, may be conceived as something completely different by somebody else. The only common ground is the understanding to give a task or process that used to be performed internally to a third-party service provider for fulfillment.
2.) Types of Outsourcing:
Outsourcing can be as mundane as giving support to somebody else and may be as complex as having business core processes being performed by somebody else.
Typical tasks and / or processes that are outsourced can be:
* Outsourcing of support functions or value added services.
– Support functions may include technical IT Support, Cleaning Services, Accounting, Human Resources, Security, Real Estate Administration and more.
– Value added service may include Purchasing, Sales, R & D, etc.
* Partial or Total Outsourcing: Some functions or tasks will be outsourced partly while others will be outsourced in its entity. Partial or complete outsourcing can also be seen differently and depends of the perspective (Customer / Provider) of the parties involved. It also depends on the overall functionality of the to-be operations operations and can often not be determined clearly.
* There is outsourcing of only operational functions vs. outsourcing of functions, tools and personnel.
* Business Process Outsourcing (BPO): Interpretation of the meaning of BPO varies and depends again on the point of view. From a customer point, it could be giving away an in-itself-closed-business-process for which the provider carries complete responsibility. From a legal aspect, it is imperative to define all roles and responsibilities in a contractual from and every party involved need to understand their individual responsibilities and the consequences for non-compliance.
The possible reasons for customers to look more closely at outsourcing to are equally diverse and complex as its possibilities and approaches. Therefore, only some of the usual motivations for outsourcing will be referred to here:
* Focusing on core business:
– An organization wants to concentrate its resources on its core business, and therefore functions that are not part of its core business will be outsourced.
* Cost savings and optimization:
-An organization wants to reduce its cost of doing business through outsourcing by creating a flexible cost structure, which is directly related to the performance of its service provider.
* Purchasing skills:
– An organization wants to benefit from the increased competency of the provider who monitors the to-be outsourced function as its core business. Often, an organization also wants to reduce its performance risk through contractual reassignment of performance risk to its service provider.
– The provider can often offer the customer more flexibility in the implementation of the mandated services than it would have been possible to a customer with its limited resources and scope for action.
4.) An outsourcing project is divided generally into:
* the preparatory and planning phase, which includes the baseline analysis, defining goals and determining the future procedures,
* the initiation phase with the selection of the provider. and the contract negotiations,
* the implementation phase with the transfer and the Setup of the facility (or transition to Operate) and finally the actual
* the start of the actual operation
Looking at the continuous "life" of an outsourcing initiative the following phases will follow:
* Review and optimization of relationship and implemented processes
* At contract expiration either the transfer of all functions to a new service provider or the return of the outsourced functions to the organization (insourcing)
5.) Preparation & Planning:
At the beginning of each outsourcing, a strategic analysis is performed to determine which services or which divisions will be outsourced as well as where the interfaces between the internal and external providers will be in the future.
Following this phase the outsourcing scope will be defined, which will include the functional spectrum. It should definitely be avoided not to make any clear commitments at the beginning, because the scope is the basis for all further tests, the structuring of the outsourcing and the consequent tender.
The next step would be the internal analysis (assessment) of all areas that are part of the scope:
* What personnel and which assets are involved?
* What type of data is available?
* Current Cost?
* Which services are currently performed internally and which are already performed externally?
* To which extend have processes and services already been documented?
* What is the quality of the current performed services?
* Is delivery of services consistent with the according service performance documentation?
* Are there any legal aspects that need to be considered; eg transfer of licenses?
* Are there any industry-specific aspects to be considered (eg in the financial area)?